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Fecal Incontinence

What is Fecal Incontinence?


Fecal incontinence (FI), or bowel incontinence, is the inability to control bowel movements, resulting in unexpected and/or uncontrollable bowel leakage. This condition may describe accidental and infrequent leakage during passing gas, to complete inability to control the passing of stool.5

Fecal incontinence is the inability to control defecation, causing stool to leak unintentionally from the rectum.


References

  1. Arnold-Long, M. (2010). Fecal incontinence: an overview of the causes, treatments, and interventions to address bowel incontinence in the elderly. Long-Term Living: For The Continuing Care Professional, 59(10), 50-53.
  2. Beeckman, D. (2017). A decade of research on Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis (IAD): Evidence, knowledge gaps and next steps. Journal Of Tissue Viability, 26(1), 47-56. doi:10.1016/j.jtv.2016.02.004
  3. Black, P. (2011). Procedures for patients with a colostomy. Practice Nursing, 22(3), 121-124.
  4. Bleier, J. S., & Kann, B. R. (2013). Surgical management of fecal incontinence. Gastroenterology Clinics Of North America, 42(4), 815-836. doi:10.1016/j.gtc.2013.09.006
  5. García, C. B., Binks, R., Luca, E. D., Dierkes, C., Franci, A., Gallart, E., . . . Gibot, S. (2013). Expert Recommendations for Managing Acute Faecal Incontinence with Diarrhoea in the Intensive Care Unit. Journal of the Intensive Care Society, 14(4_suppl), 1-9. doi:10.1177/17511437130144s201
  6. Gump, K., & Schmelzer, M. (2016). Gaining Control Over Fecal Incontinence. MEDSURG Nursing, 25(2), 97-102.
  7. Junkin, J., & Selekof, J. L. (2007). Prevalence of incontinence and associated skin injury in the acute care inpatient. Journal of Wound Ostomy & Continence Nursing, 34(3), 260-269.
  8. Kim, T., Chae, G., Chung, S. S., Sands, D. R., Speranza, J. R., Weiss, E. G., & ... Wexner, S. D. (2007). Faecal incontinence in male patients. Colorectal Disease: The Official Journal Of The Association Of Coloproctology Of Great Britain And Ireland, 10(2), 124-130.
  9. Koloski, N., Jones, M., Kalantar, J., Weltman, M., Zaguirre, J., & Talley, N. (2012). Psychological impact and risk factors associated with new onset fecal incontinence. Journal Of Psychosomatic Research, 73(6), 464-468. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2012.07.013
  10. McNevin, M. (2010). Overview of pelvic floor disorders. Surgical Clinics Of North America, 90(1), 195-205. doi:10.1016/j.suc.2009.10.003
  11. Ness, W. (2012). Faecal incontinence: causes, assessment and management. Nursing Standard, 26(42), 52-60.
  12. Owen Price, R., & Bradley, R. (2013). ASSESSING AND TREATING FAECAL INCONTINENCE. Nursing Older People, 25(7), 16-23. doi:10.7748/nop2013.09.25.7.16.e484
  13. Voegeli, D. (2016). Incontinence-associated dermatitis: new insights into an old problem. British Journal Of Nursing, 25(5), 256-262. doi:10.12968/bjon.2016.25.5.256
  14. Wald, A. (2007). Clinical practice. Fecal incontinence in adults. New England Journal Of Medicine, 356(16), 1648-1696
  15. Whitehead, W. E., Borrud, L., Goode, P. S., Meikle, S., Mueller, E. R., Tuteja, A., & ... Ye, W. (2009). Fecal incontinence in US adults: epidemiology and risk factors. Gastroenterology, 137(2), 1-14. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2009.04.054
  16. Wilson, M. (2007). Bowel care. The impact of faecal incontinence on the quality of life. British Journal Of Nursing, 16(4), 204-207.
  17. Woodward, S. (2012). Management options for faecal incontinence. Nursing & Residential Care, 14(5), 224-229.